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Tag: Reformation

Neither forgiving nor forgetting

Thursday, 26 May, 2016 0 Comments

Today is the feast of Corpus Christi and the Gospel according to St. Matthew (26:26-29) will be quoted during the ceremonies: “Drink of it all of You; for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” One of the principles of the Christian tradition is forgiveness, which often implies forgetting, but Laura Kennedy pours cold water on the notion that it’s wise to forgive and forget. Nor is it possible, she writes, because the notion is modeled after God’s divine forgiveness:

“But I’m not God, and neither are you. We are not much like him — or it, or her — at all, and it’s not clear that forgiving because it’s what God would do is a good idea. A policy of blanket forgiveness regardless of how any person might behave toward you may be pious, but it’s also naive and can invite unworthy individuals to take advantage…

…Punishing ourselves with the idea that we ‘should’ be able to forgive is nonsense. When we are truly and unjustly morally injured by others, we owe a debt of magnanimity only to ourselves — to stop considering the wrongdoer, and do what is necessary to heal the injury ourselves.”

“Forgiveness is the final form of love,” said Reinhold Niebuhr, but Laura Kennedy’s “It is not always wise to forgive and forget” challenges the American ethicist’s famous statement. Her’s is a contrarian view and a valuable one.

The Faithful

Note: During Corpus Christi, Catholics take part in a procession after mass, praying and singing as the Blessed Sacrament is held aloft in a monstrance by a member of the clergy. The feast was suppressed in Protestant churches at the Reformation and in one of his postils (homilies) Martin Luther wrote: “I am to no festival more hostile than this one. Because it is the most shameful festival. At no festival are God and his Christ more blasphemed, than on this day, and particularly by the procession.”


Shrove Tuesday: Between Carnival and Lent

Tuesday, 9 February, 2016 0 Comments

Strijd tussen Carnaval en Vasten (The Fight Between Carnival and Lent) was the title Pieter Bruegel the Elder gave to this painting, which dates from 1559. Today, Shrove Tuesday, the day when we transition from indulging our appetites to curbing them for 40 days and 40 nights, is a good time to ponder its depiction of feasting and fasting, winter and spring, burlesque and piety, the inn and the church.

The Fight Between Carnival and Lent

“The artist lived at a time of great religious upheaval, when the Protestant Reformation was in full swing, and when many of the old customs were coming under threat. The Catholic attachment to Lenten rites of observance was heavily criticised by the Protestant reformers, while the spirit of Carnival was being crushed by those in authority on both sides of the religious divide. Catholic authorities became suspicious of Carnival because its parodies of church ritual seemed suddenly more pointed and subversive after the assaults of Luther and Calvin; while Protestant church leaders, for their part, disliked its spirit of excess and indulgence, distrusted its theatricality, and abominated its pagan origins. Bruegel’s view of the customs that he so vividly recreated is hard to establish, although there is a clue perhaps in the elevated perspective from which he has chosen to look down on the scene. I suspect his attitude to popular faith and festivity may have been one of amused but affectionate detachment — touched, too, by nostalgia for a world that was disappearing even as he painted it.” — Andrew Graham-Dixon